The White House is prepared to make every effort to enforce national regulations on this rapidly evolving technology, according to draft Executive Order , which President Joe Biden will use at numerous federal levels, according to a draft executive order obtained by POLITICO Authorities should monitor AI threats and develop new uses for the technology while trying to protect workers. The regulation, expected to be published as early as Monday, will streamline the immigration of highly skilled workers, create a number of new government offices and task forces and pave the way for greater use of artificial intelligence in almost all villages. . of lives touched by the federal government, from healthcare to education, from commerce to housing and more.
At the same time, the October 23 draft order calls for comprehensive new controls on technology and directs authorities to set standards to ensure data protection and cybersecurity, prevent discrimination, enforce fairness and closely monitor the competitive landscape of the high-growth sector. developing sector. The draft regulation was examined by a number of people who saw or consulted drafts of the document. The White House did not respond to requests for approval of the project. Although the order has no legal force and previous White House efforts in artificial intelligence have been criticized for a lack of enforcement tools, the new guidelines will give federal agencies influence in the American market thanks to their power purchases and application tools.
Biden’s executive order, for example, explicitly directs the Federal Trade Commission to focus on anticompetitive behavior and consumer harm in the field of artificial intelligence, a task that President Lina Khan has already publicly undertaken. This order, expected for months, represents the most significant attempt to impose national order on a technology that has shocked many with its rapid development, particularly the capabilities of the latest human generative models and the most powerful artificial intelligence. Congress has rushed to craft legislation to address the threats and potential of artificial intelligence, but Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer warned this week that a comprehensive AI bill likely won’t be introduced until next year.
According to the 111-page draft, the White House will issue detailed guidance to more than a dozen agencies on the operation of artificial intelligence systems. Most have 90 to 240 days to comply with the executive order’s requirements before next year’s presidential election. The agreement also establishes a White House Council on Artificial Intelligence, which will coordinate the federal government’s activities in the field of artificial intelligence. It will be chaired by the White House Deputy Chief of Staff for Policy and will include representatives from all major agencies.
It’s worth noting that the AI provision is a nod to the FTC, whose chairman has already made it clear that he intends to aggressively pursue AI companies that engage in anti-competitive behavior. The order encourages the FTC to use its regulatory authority to increase competition in the industry and protect consumers. Data Protection As written, the regulation protects the privacy of the data underlying most artificial intelligence systems. The first step is for the Office of Management and Budget to review the amount of personal information acquired by the government. The executive order will also establish guidelines for reducing privacy risks when the government collects, uses, shares, and disposes of information acquired from data brokers.
The regulation encourages federal agencies to adopt advanced privacy-enhancing technologies to protect the data they collect and the National Science Foundation to fund a new research network focused on developing, refining, and deploying privacy technologies for use by Federal authorities concentrated. The regulation also addresses the use of artificial intelligence in the workplace and emphasizes that the technology must not be used to “encourage unnecessary surveillance of employees.” Immigration Because access to skilled workers is a major concern for the tech industry, the document describes a comprehensive set of policies aimed at improving the ability of immigrants with AI experience to obtain green cards or for large American company to work. new technologies.
The proposed regulation directs the Department of State and the Department of Homeland Security to streamline visa applications and appointments for immigrants who plan to work on artificial intelligence or other critical technologies. It also calls on the State Department to create new rules to make it easier for foreign nationals participating in temporary education or exchange programs to work on artificial intelligence and other emerging technologies without “unnecessary interruptions.” The proposed regulation also directs several agencies, including the Departments of State and Commerce and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, to launch a foreign campaign to promote the United States as an attractive place for foreigners with scientific and technological skills Knowledge. technological skills to study, research or work on artificial intelligence and other important technologies.Additionally, the Department of Labor must obtain information from the private sector about sectors in which immigrants with advanced scientific and technological skills are most sought after.
Manufacturing of electronic chips The order also directly affects the semiconductor industry, which is fundamental to the development of artificial intelligence and the main target of Washington’s investments. To promote competition in the semiconductor industry, the regulation requires the Commerce Department to ensure that small microchip companies are included in the National Semiconductor Technology Center, a new research consortium that is expected to receive the bulk of $11 billion in research and development will receive development grants. as part of this year’s latest CHIPS and Science Act.
It also directs Commerce to establish mentoring programs to increase participation in the chip industry and increase resources for smaller players, including funding for physical assets and better access to data sets, and to force development programs to work. Telecommunications The proposed regulation encourages the Federal Communications Commission to examine how artificial intelligence can improve telecommunications network resilience and spectrum efficiency and help the federal government combat robocalls and unsolicited robocalls.
This wireless work, aimed at improving the way the federal government manages and shares these resources, could impact the deployment of 5G technology and future 6G technology. The order is consistent with priorities set by FCC Chairwoman Jessica Rosenworcel in recent months and is consistent with investigations already underway within the agency. The agency launched an investigation into how artificial intelligence could improve spectrum performance in August and will vote on it in November.15, an investigation into the use of artificial intelligence to prevent robocalls and automated text messages will be launched.
Education The Ministry of Education is tasked with creating an “AI toolkit” for education officials to help them implement recommendations issued earlier this year on the use of artificial intelligence in the classroom. The draft is consistent with comments a Department official made on Tuesday to members of Congress, information technology companies and other education leaders that the agency has begun work on an AI toolbox and plans to to make these available next spring.
The bill also requires the department, within 365 days, to develop resources, policies, and guidelines that “address the safe, responsible, and nondiscriminatory use of artificial intelligence in education.” Housing The proposed regulation directs the heads of the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection and the Department of Housing and Urban Development to provide guidance on how fair lending and housing standards can prevent housing-related discrimination. Artificial intelligence in digital lending and real estate advertising.It also directs agencies to provide guidance on the use of tenant screening systems, “including how the use of data…may lead to discriminatory results.”
The White House is also calling on the Federal Housing Finance Agency, the regulator and guardian of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, to consider requiring the two mortgage finance giants to review their underwriting models for discrimination and “the process of evaluating and “automate the evaluation of collateral.” “in a manner that is discriminatory” to minimize bias. To provide information on the eligibility of patents for artificial intelligence and other emerging technologies.
Separately, the draft order also calls on the Director of the PTO and the Director of the United States Copyright Office to recommend additional executive actions that the White House could take to address issues related to the copyright protection of works generated by artificial intelligence and the Possible uses of it. Copyrighted works for training artificial intelligence algorithms. Work Given that work stoppages are one of the most widely shared public concerns related to the development of artificial intelligence, the executive order sends many strong rhetorical signals that the Biden administration wants authorities to address the concerns of workers and Put unions at the center of their concerns.
political decisions related to artificial intelligence. Directs the Council of Economic Advisers to prepare a report within 180 days on the “Impact of Artificial Intelligence on the Labor Market” and also directs the Department of Labor to evaluate the ability of federal agencies to support workers who lost their jobs gone are disrupted by artificial intelligence. Technology. The DOL is also accused of providing employers with guidance reiterating that artificial intelligence cannot be used to monitor workers or their productivity in a manner that violates their federal labor rights.
The executive order also directs the Office of Personnel Management, which oversees human resources policies in the government’s civil service, to establish barriers to the use of generative artificial intelligence in the federal workforce. Brendan Bordelon, John Hendel, Ben Leonard, Maggie Miller, Alfred Ng, Nick Niedźwiadek, Katy O’Donnell, Steven Overly, John Sakellariadis, Josh Sisco and Mackenzie Wilkes contributed to this report.